lim jia sheng,

.Digital Photo & Imaging
::weekly[2] & exercise[1]

lecture: Basic Composition

In this live lecture, we were brought through a few elements of composition:

Basic Elements

    • Focal point — helps viewers' eyes naturally settle on what's important.
    • Scale & heirarchy — draws attention towards and away from certain elements.
    • Balance — according to visual weights.
    • White space — balances out complicated & busy parts with empty space, to help the design to breathe.

    Rule of Thirds

      • Is the process of dividing an image into equal three quadrants, with two lines on the X & Y axis. 
      • The intersecting lines will then be hotspots that attract the eye of the viewer, creating a more natural image if important elements are placed there.
        • Create an image that is naturally pleasing to the eye.
        • Creatively use negative space.
        • Create conversation between subject & background.

      Golden Ratio

        • 1:1.618. Is commonly found in nature, and creates organic & natural-looking compositions when used.
          • Creates harmony & proportion, and provides sense of artistry
          • Determine dimensions of a layout, by laying things out in proportion to 1:1.618

        Framing & Cropping

          •  There are many types of framings, but these are the most common:
            • Single — one character is the primary focus.
              • Clean single — no part of any other character is in frame.
                • Dirty single — includes limited presence from another character in frame.
                • Two(/three/four/...)-shot — two(three/four/...) characters, to create a relationship.
                •  Over the shoulder — hybrid between single & Two-shot, focusing on one character at a time, while getting perspective from both sides
                • POV — see/hear what the character experiences.
                • Insert — is tight on a detail


              tutorial: Basic Composition

              In the tutorial, we watched a video tutorial regarding our task to create a physical collage.

              practical: Physical Collage

              I started out with a few pre-composition drafts as instructed, to test out my elements & see what they can make out.

              Figure 3.1.1, Pre-composition arrangement drafts, 4/4/2021

              Then, I arranged 3 configurations that I felt were more impactful & less scattered looking, combining all the learnings & attributes found from the pre-composition drafts.

              Figure 3.1.2, Pre-composition arrangement 1, 5/4/2021

              Figure 3.1.3, Pre-composition arrangement 2, 5/4/2021

              Figure 3.1.4, Pre-composition arrangement 3, 5/4/2021


                  • 5/4/2021
                    • Mr. Fauzi noted that my draft arrangements lacked white-space/margins around the main elements. I thus gave more space to the 3 chosen pre-arrangements.
                    • Mr. Fauzi gave the go ahead on arrangement 2 (Figure 1.1.3) for final submission.


              Figure 3.1.5, Final physical collage, 5/4/2021

              Figure 3.1.6, Alignments & composition of the final physical collage, 5/4/2021

              Part of project[1].